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Identification of Predictive Biomarkers



März 2020

Letztes Update:


Indikation (Clinical Trials):
Prostatic Neoplasms


Erwachsene (18+)


Martini-Klinik am UKE GmbH, Martini-Klinik am UKE GmbH

Erich und Gertrud Roggenbuck-Stiftung zur Förderung der Krebsforschung, Erich und Gertrud Roggenbuck-Stiftung zur Förderung der Krebsforschung


Tobias Maurer, Prof.
Principal Investigator
Head Doctor


(1 von 1)

Martini-Klinik am UKE GmbH
20246 Hamburg
GermanyRekrutierend» Google-Maps
Markus Graefen, Professor
Phone: +4904741051300

Anke Renter
Phone: +4904741053115
» Ansprechpartner anzeigen


Detailed Description:

As mentioned before, current data on salvage lymphadenectomy in prostate cancer is very limited and stems mainly from retrospective series. Prospective studies are not available. Furthermore, most of these analyses are based on choline-based positron emission tomography, which by now has been progressively replaced with the significantly more sensitive and specific PSMA-based PET. Diagnostic advantages are especially obvious in early biochemical recurrence with low PSA levels . The high specificity of a PSMA Tracer in diagnosing prostate cancer tissue is further demonstrated by the introduction of PSMA-radioguided surgery. Here, patients are injected intravenously before surgery with 111In- or 99mTc-labeled PSMA ligands in order to enhance intraoperative detection of affected lymph nodes that show radiotracer accumulation.

Regarding biomarkers used in prostate cancer, besides PSA and PSA-associated variations, there also exists a multiple number of different biomarkers. However, most of these biomarkers are used in the primary diagnostic setting or in advanced metastatic tumor stages with a castration-resistant stage. However, especially in early biochemical recurrences there is a need for biomarkers to help determine whether or not local salvage treatment can or should be considered. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are promising candidates as a biomarker, that could support the decision-making process. While the prognostic relevance of CTCs for patients with a metastatic castration-resistant stage prostate cancer has been shown in many studies, far less data exists for patients with hormone-sensitive metastatic prostate cancer. Regardless of the fact, survival is associated with the number of CTCs measured in peripheral blood. Recently, we were able to show that CTCs in patients with limited metastatic prostate cancer exhibited higher prognostic relevance, before and after cytoreductive radical prostatectomy, than conventional biomarkers (PSA, LDH =lactate Dehydrogenase and BAP). Even when the conventional biomarkers were combined with routine markers and CTCs, the prognostic relevance did not increase. Although the case numbers were very small, in the future, CTCs could still help identify patients that would most profit from a cytoreductive radical prostatectomy.

Therefore, this project will investigate whether or not CTCs can preoperatively provide prognostic information on the postoperative oncological response, as described in the study protocol. The plan is to withdraw blood (7,5 ml) before surgery from 50 limited metastatic prostate cancer patients. These patients have to qualify for salvage surgery according to the PSMA-PET. The blood will be examined with the Cell-Search-Systems for CTCs and their PSMA Expression.

Plasma samples and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from peripheral blood will also be stored. These samples will be used later for a further project on prostate cancer-specific exosomes where PSMA positivity and cell-free circulating nucleic acids will be examined. The expertise for such analyses, standard operating procedures (SOPs) and necessary equipment are available.

Furthermore, the Institute for Tumor Biology has recently established a new blood test for detecting breast cancer. This test will also be used on prostate cancer patients within the scope of this project. This test measures the serum concentration of Cyr61-Proteins. The Institute has established an Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), which has already been successfully implemented for the analysis of blood plasma in 527 breast cancer patients. Consequently, this newly developed blood test presents an important improvement in the diagnosis of breast cancer (International patent System 2018/054052). It would also like to test this method for its adequacy and improvement in the diagnosis of prostate cancer within the context of this project.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients in good general health and an expected life expectancy of > 10 years

- Diagnosis of prostate cancer relapse

- Evidence of positive lymph nodes or soft tissue metastases as seen in PSMA PET

Exclusion Criteria:

- Contraindication for a surgical procedure

- Clinical suspicion of systemic disease as determined by PSMA PET

- PSMA PET examination older than 4 months at time of surgery


Primary outcome:

1. Rate of complete biochemical response (cBR: PSA <0,2ng/ml) (Time Frame - 6 months):
PSA Level after salvage lymphadenectomy without adjuvant prostate cancer-specific treatment

Secondary outcome:

1. Prostate cancer-specific treatment-free survival after salvage surgery (Time Frame - 3, 6, 12 and 24 months):
PSA-Level after salvage lymphadenectomy

2. Questionnaire Quality of life (Time Frame - 3, 6, 12 and 24 months):
Expanded prostate cancer index Composite (EPIC 26)

Geprüfte Regime

  • Blood sample:
    Additional blood sample of about 30 ml that will be drawn for biomarker analyses (2 EDTA = ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and 1 Cell-search-tubes).The drawn blood for CTC-Analysis and biomarker identification will be promptly processed ac-cording to the established standards at the Institute for Tumor Biology (see below). The histological analysis of the resected tissue during salvage surgery is carried out according to clinical routine (conventional haematoxylin and eosin stained and PSMA-Immunohistochemistry).


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